Tue, 20/06/2017 - 14:15
Campus HOM, Hörsaal Geb. 60 (Humangenetik)

Prof. Dr. Georg Conrads
Host: Prof. Dr. Matthias Hannig
Department of Operative and Preventive Dentistry & Periodontology, RWTH Aachen University Hospital

Bioactive NanoCoat - Controlling biofilm by functional coatings

With the rapid development of new medical devices including dental implants, bacterial biofilm infections become more and more frequent. In this seminar a methodology to design bioactive coatings for medical devices will be presented and examples for applications given. Aqueous nanogels with a controlled amount of surface-grafted anti-bacterial molecules (isoeugenol) were synthesized. The crucial step for the nanogel synthesis was the design of hydrophilic macromonomers with covalently attached isoeugenol molecules. This ensured covalent incorporation of isoeugenol into the nanogel surface and effective control over isoeugenol concentration and accessibility. We demonstrated that isoeugenol-modified nanogels exhibit superior antibacterial properties against some prominent pathogens: oral Streptococcus mutans and Porphyromonas gingivalis as well as Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus. Furthermore, nanogels were used as building blocks to design thin functional coatings able to support cell adhesion and osteogenic differentiation of stem cells. These nanogels can be decorated with RGDs or drug molecules (inhibitors for key stone reactions) that may accelerate the tissue regeneration process. We believe that the developed nanogel coating technology is a flexible toolbox, which can be used for the decoration of biointerfaces in different medical systems.

M. Kather et al. and G. Conrads. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2017 DOI: 10.1002/anie.201609180

Graphical Abstract:

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