TitleImpact of oral astringent stimuli on surface charge and morphology of the protein-rich pellicle at the tooth–saliva interphase.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsZimmermann, R., J. Delius, J. Friedrichs, S. Stehl, T. Hofmann, C. Hannig, M. Rehage, C. Werner, and M. Hannig
JournalColloids Surfaces B
Date Published02/2019

The proteinaceous pellicle layer, which develops upon contact with saliva on the surface of teeth, is important for the formation of oral biofilms and for the protection of teeth from abrasion and chemically induced erosion. Astringent food ingredients comprising polyphenols, cationic macromolecules, and multivalent metal salts are known to interact with the pellicle. However, astringent-induced changes in the physicochemical properties of the tooth-saliva interphase are not yet completely understood. Here we provide comprehensive insights into interfacial charging, ultrastructure, thickness, and surface roughness of the pellicles formed on the model substrates silicon oxide (SiO2), Teflon® AF, and hydroxyapatite, as well as on bovine enamel before and after incubation with the astringents epigallocatechin gallate, tannic acid, iron(III) salt, lysozyme, and chitosan. Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation monitoring demonstrated viscous behavior of untreated pellicles formed in vitro on the different materials. Electrokinetic (streaming current) measurements revealed that cationic astringents reverse the charge of native pellicles, whereas polyphenols did not change the charge under physiological pH condition. In addition, transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy showed a concentration-dependent increase in average film thickness and pellicle surface roughness as induced by astringents. These multifaceted alterations of the salivary pellicle may come along with an increase in roughness perceived on the teeth, which is part of the complex sensations of oral astringency.















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